Included in the latter part is the concluding chapter on the right to the city. This Introduction then sketches the tension between the Millennium Development Goals MDGs as interpreted by African governments and the grassroots organisations fighting for the right to the city and in situ upgrading rather than slum eradication. Chapter One contains a critique of the urban competitiveness agenda with its focus on attracting foreign capital expressed in a modernistic vision of an orderly city.
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This vision has no place for informal settlements, at least not those that are visible from the new, modern formal parts of the city that are monuments to growth and global capital. The MDG Seven, Target 11, is the rationale for slum clearance, but implemented with a focus on the symptoms rather than a rights-based focus on the causes of poverty and informality p. This critique of urban competitiveness continues into Chapter Two with an analysis of the policy implications such as discouraging the poor from living in the city by making it unattractive to them by denying basic services and legitimacy p.
The field of tension of informal settlements in the new millennium
Informal settlements and the discourse on urban informality are the subject of Chapter Three. Besides discussing the definitions of informality, Huchzermeyer examines reactions to the informal: from statistics such as the over-inflated numbers of residents in, for example, Kibera, Nairobi, to the vilification of informal activities and settlements.
These arguments are carried forward into Part 3 which focuses largely on the South African policy and legal context and attempts to reverse the eradication drive to a more humane in situ upgrading approach. The following two chapters trace the legal battles of two settlements for their continued existence. Instead a broad-based campaign that reaches across class and other social barriers is required to deal with the inequalities and contradictions of capitalism and neoliberalism, and recognise the role of informal settlements and slums and their right to the city.
On the one hand there are the provisions for the rights for access to adequate housing [x] and water and a strong drive to meet basic needs [xi] of the community to which lip service is paid, according to Huchzermeyer, while on the other hand are the commitments to the MDGs and the need to be globally competitive, attract investment and tourists that are receiving priority.
I believe that the author has indeed achieved her aim to engender greater sympathy for the plight and the struggles of informal settlement communities for the right to their existence. Berner, E. Gomez and P.
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Boyle, T. New York: Viking. Buckley, R.
Castells, M. Oxford and Cambridge: Blackwell. Davis, M.
Informal settlement isn’t the exception
London and New York: Verso. Davy, B. Durand-Lasserve, A. Durand-Lasserve and L. London: Earthscan.
Eggertsson, T. Alston, T.
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Eggertsson and D. North eds Empirical Studies in Institutional Change , pp. Cambridge: University Press. Engels, F. New York: International Publishers. Evers, H. Fekade, W. Friedmann, J. Gilbert, A. Gruffydd Jones, B. Hamnett, C. Hardoy, J. Harris, R. Helmsing, A. Spoor ed. Dordrecht: Kluwer Google Scholar. Huchzermeyer, M. Claremont: UCT. Jones, G. For teachers in the privileged position of educating university students who will one day be urban planners and designers in a multicultural world, for example, this requires major realignment of planning education.
We need to integrate civic responsibility and the broader Right to the City into current approaches. Initiatives by Australian universities to work with tertiary institutions in developing countries and interested stakeholders are small but important steps. These opportunities to share ideas, work together in the field and experience everyday life in informal settlements let graduates see first-hand what the Right to the City means. This opens eyes to future international development opportunities.
With Habitat III looming as a landmark global event, will informal settlements be taken seriously as people seek a reasonable life in the city? What impact will this have on the urban divide? You can read other articles about Habitat III here. Screen music and the question of originality - Miguel Mera — London, Islington.
3 Challenges to Safe and Affordable Urban Housing | World Resources Institute
UEA Inaugural lecture: Alternative performance measures: do managers disclose them to inform us, or to mislead us? Edition: Available editions United Kingdom. As machinery demolishes houses behind them, Jakarta police evict residents from the settlement of Luar Batang in April. Paul Jones , University of Sydney. How we view places like kampung Lebak Siliwangi in Bandung, Indonesia, largely determines how the people who live in them are treated.